Sophists' Almanac

世界について知りたいとき

ObamaCare - The Affordable Care Act (2015)

ObamaCare The Affordable Care Act

 

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Meet the Supremes

Big class photo
  • the US Supreme Court is one of the oldest constitutional review courts in the world
  • their decisions can overturn federal or state laws, if the justices find they are unconstitutional
  • its powers have ended segregation in schools, legalised interracial marriage and once effectively chose a president
  • there are nine justices nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate, each with life tenure
  • it is currently one third female, with one Hispanic justice and one African-American

Patrick Henry - Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death

Patrick Henry's Liberty or Death Speech に対する画像結果

 

 

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St. John's Church, Richmond, Virginia
March 23, 1775.

MR. PRESIDENT: No man thinks more highly than I do of the patriotism, as well as abilities, of the very worthy gentlemen who have just addressed the House. But different men often see the same subject in different lights; and, therefore, I hope it will not be thought disrespectful to those gentlemen if, entertaining as I do, opinions of a character very opposite to theirs, I shall speak forth my sentiments freely, and without reserve. This is no time for ceremony. The question before the House is one of awful moment to this country. For my own part, I consider it as nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery; and in proportion to the magnitude of the subject ought to be the freedom of the debate. It is only in this way that we can hope to arrive at truth, and fulfil the great responsibility which we hold to God and our country. Should I keep back my opinions at such a time, through fear of giving offence, I should consider myself as guilty of treason towards my country, and of an act of disloyalty toward the majesty of heaven, which I revere above all earthly kings.

Mr. President, it is natural to man to indulge in the illusions of hope. We are apt to shut our eyes against a painful truth, and listen to the song of that siren till she transforms us into beasts. Is this the part of wise men, engaged in a great and arduous struggle for liberty? Are we disposed to be of the number of those who, having eyes, see not, and, having ears, hear not, the things which so nearly concern their temporal salvation? For my part, whatever anguish of spirit it may cost, I am willing to know the whole truth; to know the worst, and to provide for it.

I have but one lamp by which my feet are guided; and that is the lamp of experience. I know of no way of judging of the future but by the past. And judging by the past, I wish to know what there has been in the conduct of the British ministry for the last ten years, to justify those hopes with which gentlemen have been pleased to solace themselves, and the House? Is it that insidious smile with which our petition has been lately received? Trust it not, sir; it will prove a snare to your feet. Suffer not yourselves to be betrayed with a kiss. Ask yourselves how this gracious reception of our petition comports with these war-like preparations which cover our waters and darken our land. Are fleets and armies necessary to a work of love and reconciliation? Have we shown ourselves so unwilling to be reconciled, that force must be called in to win back our love? Let us not deceive ourselves, sir. These are the implements of war and subjugation; the last arguments to which kings resort. I ask, gentlemen, sir, what means this martial array, if its purpose be not to force us to submission? Can gentlemen assign any other possible motive for it? Has Great Britain any enemy, in this quarter of the world, to call for all this accumulation of navies and armies? No, sir, she has none. They are meant for us; they can be meant for no other. They are sent over to bind and rivet upon us those chains which the British ministry have been so long forging. And what have we to oppose to them? Shall we try argument? Sir, we have been trying that for the last ten years. Have we anything new to offer upon the subject? Nothing. We have held the subject up in every light of which it is capable; but it has been all in vain. Shall we resort to entreaty and humble supplication? What terms shall we find which have not been already exhausted? Let us not, I beseech you, sir, deceive ourselves. Sir, we have done everything that could be done, to avert the storm which is now coming on. We have petitioned; we have remonstrated; we have supplicated; we have prostrated ourselves before the throne, and have implored its interposition to arrest the tyrannical hands of the ministry and Parliament. Our petitions have been slighted; our remonstrances have produced additional violence and insult; our supplications have been disregarded; and we have been spurned, with contempt, from the foot of the throne. In vain, after these things, may we indulge the fond hope of peace and reconciliation. There is no longer any room for hope. If we wish to be free² if we mean to preserve inviolate those inestimable privileges for which we have been so long contending²if we mean not basely to abandon the noble struggle in which we have been so long engaged, and which we have pledged ourselves never to abandon until the glorious object of our contest shall be obtained, we must fight! I repeat it, sir, we must fight! An appeal to arms and to the God of Hosts is all that is left us!

They tell us, sir, that we are weak; unable to cope with so formidable an adversary. But when shall we be stronger? Will it be the next week, or the next year? Will it be when we are totally disarmed, and when a British guard shall be stationed in every house? Shall we gather strength by irresolution and inaction? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance, by lying supinely on our backs, and hugging the delusive phantom of hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? Sir, we are not weak if we make a proper use of those means which the God of nature hath placed in our power. Three millions of people, armed in the holy cause of liberty, and in such a country as that which we possess, are invincible by any force which our enemy can send against us. Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone. There is a just God who presides over the destinies of nations; and who will raise up friends to fight our battles for us. The battle, sir, is not to the strong alone; it is to the vigilant, the active, the brave. Besides, sir, we have no election. If we were base enough to desire it, it is now too late to retire from the contest. There is no retreat but in submission and slavery! Our chains are forged! Their clanking may be heard on the plains of Boston! The war is inevitable²and let it come! I repeat it, sir, let it come.

It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace²but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God!

I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!

PBS - On Okinawa, many locals want U.S. troops to leave

 

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PBS News Hour

On Okinawa, many locals want U.S. troops to leave

September 16, 2017 at 4:49 PM EDT

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www.huffingtonpost.jp

 

 

NHK Documentary

Okinawa and the Nuclear Weapons

2017年9月10日(日)            

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沖縄復帰45年 深まる本土との“溝” - NHK クローズアップ現代+

 

45年前の5月15日、“本土並み”を夢見て、復帰を果たした沖縄。しかし、今なお、重い基地負担が変わらない中で、本土との“溝”はかつてないほどに深まっている。今回、NHKは、世論調査を実施。その結果、「本土は沖縄の気持ちを理解していない」と答えた沖縄県民は7割に上り、6割近い沖縄県民が、「この5年ほどの間に沖縄に対する誹謗中傷が増加したと感じている」ことが明らかになった。深まる“溝”を読み解き、どうすれば埋めることができるか、考える。

 

 

 

 

 

仲村颯悟さん
「日常的に『今日オスプレイがうるさい』とつぶやいただけで攻撃してくる人たちがいて、それによって僕ら沖縄に住んでいる若者は、批判が怖くて自分の意見を発信できないような状況に陥っている。」

“ひぼう中傷”の背景に…

今回の世論調査でも、県民の6割近くが「ここ5年ほどの間に沖縄をひぼう中傷する言動が増えている」と回答しました。
その背景をさらに詳しく知るために、取材班は日々のツイッターの投稿を独自に調査。
「沖縄」「基地」ということばを含む投稿のうち、「反日」や「売国」などの単語を含むものを分析しました。
すると基地問題がニュースとなるたびにその数が急増。
それを繰り返しながら、近年増える傾向にあることが分かりました。

沖縄 浦添市在住
「ネットとかでいろいろ沖縄が見下されている感じがある。」

沖縄市在住
反日って沖縄に対して非難というのは、とても悲しい。」

 

アメリカ軍の基地が面積のおよそ3割を占める、沖縄県東村。
村長の伊集盛久さん。
日本の安全保障を担ってきたという思いがある一方で、基地負担の軽減も訴えてきました。
しかし、そうした伊集さんの複雑な胸の内を踏みにじる出来事が。
沖縄県のすべての市町村長がまとまってオスプレイ配備撤回などを求め、都内でデモ行進を行ったときのことでした。

売国奴は日本から出ていってくれ。売国奴売国奴!」

一部の人たちから差別的な声が次々と投げかけられたのです。

沖縄 東村 伊集盛久村長
「全く予想はしてなかったもんだからね、驚きで胸がいっぱいだったんですよ。これは沖縄の基地の現状のあり方を全く理解してないことによる行動ではないかと、強い憤りを感じたわけですよね。」

オスプレイ配備に反対し続けてきた伊集さんですが、去年、苦渋の決断を下します。
日米両政府の方針を受け入れ、オスプレイが使う発着場の建設を容認したのです。
すると今度は、真逆の非難を受けることになります。
「結局は金なのか」「辞めさせるべきだ」などの批判が寄せられたのです。

沖縄 東村 伊集盛久村長
「役場の担当課にもファックスでもいろんな苦情が寄せられていますよ。非常に苦しい立場でしたよ、正常な状態ではないからね。いろんな面から抗議、中傷ひぼうも出てくる。」

 

「本土の人は沖縄を理解していない」という意見が70%を占めるまでに広がった、本土と沖縄の溝。
それを埋めるための模索が、沖縄で始まっています。

“理解されていない”7割 「沖縄」を伝える模索

今年3月、沖縄の基地問題を取り上げた1冊の本が各地の書店に並びました。
タイトルは「誤解だらけの沖縄基地」。

この本を出した沖縄タイムスです。

沖縄県の主要な地元紙の一つで、基地負担軽減を訴え続けてきました。
2年前、自民党の勉強会で沖縄の世論がゆがんでいるという指摘が出された際、講師として招かれた作家から「沖縄の新聞は潰さなければならない」と名指しされました。
編集局長の石川達也さんです。
ここ数年、本土からの批判の声が急増しているといいます。

沖縄タイムス 石川達也編集局長
「僕らは絶えず繰り返し繰り返し、沖縄の現実、事実を伝えている自負はあるけど、それがなかなか伝わらない。その上にヘイト的な見方をされるバッシング的なものもあるなかで、危機感を非常に持っています。」

本を出したねらいは、ネット上などに拡散しているデマや誤解に、データを示して反証すること。
それを特に、本土の人たちに知ってほしいと考えたからです。
例えば、「普天間飛行場はもともと田んぼの中にあり、あとで周りに人が住みだした」という声に対し、建設された地域は戦前、多くの人が生活していたという宜野湾市史に書かれている内容を紹介しています。
「基地の地主は皆、年収何千万円」という声に対しては、県のデータを引用し、「200万円未満の割合が75%に上る」と紹介しています。

沖縄タイムス 石川達也編集局長
「本土の人が理解してもらわないと、問題は解決しないわけですから。いかにわれわれが取材した情報、事実をどういう形で県外の人たちに伝えるかというのも考えるタイミングだと思っています。」

 

 

 

The Holy Bible - the Old Testament and the New Testament - 旧約聖書と新約聖書

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聖書ってなんだろう。

 

まず、メモを取りながら聞いてみよう。

 

The Holy Bible

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The Old Testament

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The New Testament

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Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God (1937)

Their Eyes Were Watching God [Full Movie] に対する画像結果

 

Their Eyes Were Watching God - Wikipedia

Their Eyes Were Watching God is a 1937 novel and the best known work by African-American writer Zora Neale Hurston. The novel narrates main character Janie Crawford's "ripening from a vibrant, but voiceless, teenage girl into a woman with her finger on the trigger of her own destiny."[1] As a young woman, who is fair-skinned with long hair, she expects more out of life, but comes to realize she has to find out about life 'fuh theyselves' (for herself), just as people can only go-to-God for themselves. Set in central and southern Florida in the early 20th century, the novel was initially poorly received for its rejection of racial uplift literary prescriptions. Today, it has come to be regarded as a seminal work in both African-American literature and women's literature. TIME included the novel in its 2005 list of the 100 best English-language novels published since 1923.

 

時間があるときにゆっくり見よう。

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Harry Potter Part 3 - Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban

 

Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban に対する画像結果

 

Harry Potter - Wikipedia

Harry Potter is a series of fantasy novels written by British author J. K. Rowling. The novels chronicle the life of a young wizard, Harry Potter, and his friends Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley, all of whom are students at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. The main story arc concerns Harry's struggle against Lord Voldemort, a dark wizard who intends to become immortal, overthrow the wizard governing body known as the Ministry of Magic, and subjugate all wizards and muggles, a reference term that means non-magical people.

 

The Philosopher's Stone (1997)
The Chamber of Secrets (1998)
The Prisoner of Azkaban (1999)
The Goblet of Fire (2000)
The Order of the Phoenix (2003)
The Half-Blood Prince (2005)
The Deathly Hallows (2007)

 

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William Shakespeare: Sonnet 18

最も有名なシェイクスピアの愛の歌といえば・・・

 

William Shakespeare's Sonnet 18

 

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Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance, or nature's changing course, untrimm'd;
But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st;
So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

 

shaii I compare thee に対する画像結果